Full article - PDF (language ukrainian)

UDC 00:130.2

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17721/UCS.2017.1.06

I. V. Zhyvohliadova, Ph.D., Assosiate Professor 

Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv 

60, Volodymyrska Street, Kyiv, 01033, Ukraine


 Mentality as an essential mechanism of cultural and social processes, approaches to the definition of thisphenomenon are analyzed. The purpose of the article is the reconstruction of the history ofsocial and humanitarian focused research that is devoted to the problem of mentality, the development of its theory and specifically practical analysis. Historical, systematic, typological and comparative analysis methods are applied. The variety of knowledge about mentality demonstrates the breadth of the limits of its manifestation in different spheres of human activity. The mentality originality research within different sectors of social and humanitarian knowledge, analysis of its structure and mechanisms offunctional fullness, dialectic interrelation between spiritual entities claim the right to the independent existence of this phenomenon as a special representant of spiritual activity. We support the focus of studies that attempts to reveal the "human" sense of this phenomenon. Expanding knowledge of the nature, methods of formation, assimilationand simulation mental complexes allows to differentiatecultures, that in turn facilitates the identification and understanding of the actual mechanisms of cultural and civilizational processes. Research ofmentality makes it possible to understand not so much "that" some person orgroup knows, imagines, thinks, but how much "how", "whereby" itexperiences, interprets, operates. Not by chance, mostscientists consider the mentality as a special metalanguage of certain specific culture that determines the nature of the understanding, emotions and actions both individual and entire groups. It is mentality that is one of the determining factors of society recreation, the existence of a particular kind of culture in general depends on its ability to function in this capacity. 

 Key words: spirituality, mentality, national character.


1. Gurevich, P. S.,  Shul'man, O. I.  (1997). Mental'nost',  mentalitet [The  mentality].  In  Kul'turologija. XX vek. Slovar' [Culturology. The XX century. Dictionary]. Sankt-Peterburg, Universitetskaja kniga. 

2. Istorija v Enciklopedii Didro i d'Alambera [The Encyclopedia of Diderot & d'Alembert] (1978).  Perevod  i  primechanija  N. V. Revunenkovoj.  Pod  obshchej redakciej A. D. Ljublinskoj. Leningrad, Nauka. 

3. Karmin, A. S. (2003). Kul'turologija [Culturology]. Sankt-Peterburg, Izdatel'stvo "Lan'". 

4. Kravchenko, A. G.  (2000).  Mentalitet  jak  ob’jekt  social'no-filosofs'kogo  doslidzhennja:  Avtoreferat  dysertacii  na  zdobuttja  naukovogo  stupenja  kandydata filosofs'kyh  nauk  [The  mentality  of  the  object  of  social  and  philosophical  studies: Abstract  dissertation  for  the  degree  of  Ph.D.].  Kyiiv.  Retrieved  from http://cheloveknauka.com/mentalitet-kak-obekt-sotsialno-filosofskogo-issledovaniya 

5. Lebon, G., Tard, G. (1998). Psihologija tolp. Mnenie i tolpa [Psychology of the crowd. Opinion and crowd]. Moskow, Institut psihologii RAN, KSP+. 

6. Le Goff, Zh. (1992). Civilizacija srednevekovogo Zapada [Medieval Civilization]. Moskow, Progress-Akademija Press. 

7. Mentalitet,  mental'nist':  Slovnyk  inshomovnyh  sociokul'turnyh  terminiv  [The  mentality:  Dictionary  of  foreign  social  and  cultural terms]. Retrieved from http://slovopedia.org.ua/39/53404/260833.html. 

Corresponding author: I.V.Zhyvohliadova

Copyright © 201Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv University Publishing