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I. V. Zhyvohliadova, Ph.D., Assosiate Professor
Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
60, Volodymyrska Street, Kyiv, 01033, Ukraine
MENTALITY AS A SUBJECT OF INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH: DEFINITION ISSUE
Mentality as an essential mechanism of cultural and social processes, approaches to the definition of thisphenomenon are analyzed. The purpose of the article is the reconstruction of the history ofsocial and humanitarian focused research that is devoted to the problem of mentality, the development of its theory and specifically practical analysis. Historical, systematic, typological and comparative analysis methods are applied. The variety of knowledge about mentality demonstrates the breadth of the limits of its manifestation in different spheres of human activity. The mentality originality research within different sectors of social and humanitarian knowledge, analysis of its structure and mechanisms offunctional fullness, dialectic interrelation between spiritual entities claim the right to the independent existence of this phenomenon as a special representant of spiritual activity. We support the focus of studies that attempts to reveal the "human" sense of this phenomenon. Expanding knowledge of the nature, methods of formation, assimilationand simulation mental complexes allows to differentiatecultures, that in turn facilitates the identification and understanding of the actual mechanisms of cultural and civilizational processes. Research ofmentality makes it possible to understand not so much "that" some person orgroup knows, imagines, thinks, but how much "how", "whereby" itexperiences, interprets, operates. Not by chance, mostscientists consider the mentality as a special metalanguage of certain specific culture that determines the nature of the understanding, emotions and actions both individual and entire groups. It is mentality that is one of the determining factors of society recreation, the existence of a particular kind of culture in general depends on its ability to function in this capacity.
Key words: spirituality, mentality, national character.
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Corresponding author: I.V.Zhyvohliadova
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