Y. O. Butsykina, PhD, Assistant Professor, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
01033, Ukraine, Kyiv, Volodymirska st., 60
EPISTEMOLOGICAL DIMENSION OF DESIGN CULTURE WITHIN KJETIL FALLAN HISTORICAL STUDIES
Article discusses basic epistemological questions related to historical studies of design provided by the well-known design historian Kjetil Fal- lan. It is devoted to the analyses of the researcher’s investigation of ‘isms’ notion as a categorizing concept that can be described within cultural modes (first of all, Modern, modernity and modernism). This leads to another dimension of the "design culture" notion that provides dialectic rela- tion between ideology and practice, constructed with ‘isms’. The latter are presented as dynamic discourses, reflected in the ‘episteme’ concept by Michel Foucault. Article analyzes Thomas Kuhn’s and Paul Feyerabend’s notion of paradigms as a structuring device in the history of science used by Fallan to contemplate the dynamics of changes in the history of design. The main idea of the theory is to outline a differential paradigmatic sys- tem in design history. That has to provide deeper investigation of design history terminology and its conceptualization principles reflection.
Key words: design culture, design history, art history, isms, paradigm, modernism, episteme.
1. Beaudrillard, Jean. (1996) The System of Objects. London, Verso.
2. Foucault, Michel. (1972) The Archaeology of Knowledge. London, Tavistock Publications.
3. Fallan, Kjetil. (2010) Design History: Understanding Theory and Method. New York, Oxford Press.
4. Fallan, Kjetil. (2004) Modernism or Modern ISMS? ‒ Notes on an Epistemological Problem in Design History' / Nordic Journal of Architectural Research, 17/4 (2004), pp. 81–92. Retrieved from http://arkitekturforskning.net/na/article/viewFile/219/182
5. Feyerabend, Paul. (1974) Against Method – Outline of an Anarchistic Theory of Knowledge. London, NLB.
6. Heskett, John. (2005) Some Lessons of Design History, in A. Skjer- ven, ed. Designkompetanse – Utvkling, forskning og undervisning. Oslo, Oslo national Academy of Arts.
7. Jencks, Charles A. (1978) The Language of Post-Modern Architec- ture. London, Academy Editions.
8. Kuhn, Thomas. (1970) The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Chicago, University of Chicago Press.
9. Pigalskaya, A. M. (2012). Construction of the Design History and Its Practices. Journal of Cultural Research, 1. Retrieved from http://www.cr- journal.ru/rus/journals/131.html&j_id=10.
© Butsykina, 2018