Full text - PDF

UDC 17: 130.2 (450)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17721/UCS.2018.2(3).09

M. М. Rohozha, Doctor of Philosophical Science,

Professor Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv

60, Volodymyrska Street, Kyiv, 01033, Ukraine



The paper deals with socio-cultural factors, terminological collisions and modi of the idea of responsibility in the West European socio-cultural space. Main attention is paid to shaping of the idea of responsibility in socio-cultural circumstances of the mid of the 20th – the beginning of the 21st centuries. The first part of the paper outlines the preliminary history of the modern concept of responsibility, peculiarities of the problem in Aristotle’s "The Nicomachean Ethics" are observed as well as the idea of accountability (imputatio) in ethics of P. Abelard in modi of moral guilt and offense. It is mentioned that in Pre-modern culture idea of responsibility is developed in the context of the freedom of human action, one’s capability to keep an answer for one’s actions and to admit guilt. It is specified that in philosophy of Modernity the notion imputatio is represented in I. Kant’s philosophy. Although Kant did not put the problem of accountability as the cornstone of his philosophy, he had defined conditions for possibility of agent’s accountability in such a way that his ideas are at the background of the main conceptions of responsibility of the 20th century. Further in the paper development of the problem around the term Verantwortung (responsibility) is observed. In particular, M. Weber’s ethics of responsibility (in comparison to ethics of conviction) is analyzed. The paper pays attention to the of H. Arendt’s conception of lost generations, and grounds of the problem of responsibility actualization in the sense of life search of these generations are analyzed. The first part of the paper is finished by the analysis of the conception of guilt and responsibility by K. Jaspers who applied to the problem in the context of comprehension of the axiological space of postwar Germany.

Key words: responsibility, accountability (imputatio), Aristotle, P. Abelard, M. Weber, K. Jaspers, lost generations, ethics of responsibility, criminal guilt, political guilt, moral guilt, metaphysical guilt.


1. Abelard,  P.  (1995) Ethica or Scito  Te  Ipsum.  Moscow,  Progress, Gnozis. (in Russian).

2. Apressyan, R. G. (2010) Otvetstvennost' [Responsibility]. In Novaja filosofskaja  jenciklopedija [New  Philosophic  Encyclopedia]  in  4  volumes. Vol. 3. Moscow, Mysl’.

3. Apressyan,  R.  G.  (2014).  Smysl  morali  [Meaning  of  morality].  In Moral': raznoobrazie ponjatij i smyslov: Sbornik nauchnyh trudov. K 75-letiju akademika A.A. Gusejnova [Morality: diversity of concepts and meanings. A

festschrift for the 75th birthday of Abdusalam Guseynov]. Moscow, Alfa-M.

4. Arendt, H. (2003). Men in Dark Times. Moscow, Moskovskaja shkola politicheskih issledovanij (in Russian).

5. Aristotle (1983). The Nikomachean Ethics. Moskow, Mysl’ (in Russian).

6. Baumeister,  A.  (2009)  Imputatio  in  Barbara Cassin (dir.). In Vocabulaire  européen  des  philosophies:  dictionnaire  des  intraduisibles. Kyiv, Duh i litera. (in Ukrainian).

7. Bakhtin, M. M. (2003). Toward a Philosophy of the Act. In Collected Works. Vol. 1. Moscow, Jazyki slavjanskoj kul'tury (in Russian).

8. Weber,  M.  (2006) Politik  als  Beruf in  Collected  Works.  Moscow, ROSSPEN. (in Russian).

9. Gutner, G. B. (2017). Nacional'nyj narrativ i nacional'naja otvetstven- nost'  [National  narrative  and  national  responsibility]. Jeticheskaja  mysl' [Ethical Thought], No 1, pp. 94–109.

10. Davydov, Ju. N. (2006). Jetika ubezhdenija i jetika otvetstvennosti: Maks Veber i Lev Tolstoj [Ethics of conviction and ethics of responsibility: Max Weber and Leo Tolstoy. Jeticheskaja mysl' [Ethical Thought], No. 7, pp. 83–109.

11. Jonas, H. (2004). Wissenschaft als persönliches Erlebnis in Princip otvetstvennosti.  Opyt  jetiki  dlja  tehnologicheskoj  civilizacii.  [Das  Prinzip Verantwortung.  Versuch  einer  Ethik  für  technologische  Zivilisation].  Moscow, Ajris-press. (in Russian).

12. Macintyre,  F.  (2002). After  Virtue:  A  Study  in  Moral  Theory.  Kyiv, Duh i litera. (in Ukrainian).

13. Motroshilova, N. V. (2013). Martin Hajdegger i Hanna Arendt: bytie –  vremja  –  ljubov'  [Martin  Heidegger  and  Hannah  Arendt:  being  –  time  – love]. Moscow, Akademicheskij proekt; Gaudeamus.

14. Neretina, S. S. (1994). Slovo i tekst v srednevekovoj kul'ture. Kon- ceptualizm Abeljara [A word and a text in Medieval culture. Abelard’s conceptualism]. Moscow, Gnozis.

15. Prokofyev, A. V. (2009). Vybor v pol'zu men'shego zla i problema granic moral'no dopustimogo [Choosing the lesser evil and the problem of limits of moral permissibility]. Jeticheskaja mysl' [Ethical Thought], No. 9, pp. 122–145.

16. Troeltsch, E. (1994). Der historismus und seine Probleme. Das lo- gische Problem der Geschichtsphilosophie. Moscow, Jurist. (in Russian).

17. Troitskiy, K. E. (2016). Jeticheskie idei Maksa Vebera [Max Weber’s ethical ideas]. Moscow, IFRAN.

18. Habermas, J. (1992). Die Moderne ‒ ein unvollendetes Projekt. Vo- prosy filosofii [Problems of Philosophy], No. 4, pp. 40–52 (in Russian).

19. Jaspers, K. (1999). Die Schuldfrage. Moscow, Progress (in Russian).

Rohozha, 2018